Analysis of Risk Factors Related to the Occurrence of Pulmonary TB in Childern

  • Novie Elvinawaty Mauliku
  • Rini Rahmawati


The proportion of pulmonary TB among all cases, children treated in Indonesia from 2007 to 2013 is ranges from 7,9% to 12%. The pulmonary TB in children is potential to cause a disability even death.  This  study  aims  to  determine  the  relationship  between  sex,  history  of  contact, socioeconomic, and nutritional status with the occurrence of pulmonary TB in children. Research design  using  case  control.  Samples  were  140  children  who  had  been  treated  at  clinic  in Palabuhanratu hospital, consisted of 70 children with pulmonary TB as cases and 70 children with not TB as a control. Data were analyzed by Chi Square test and risk factor was calculated by odds ratio. The result showed a risk factor for pulmonary TB is contact history (p= 0,000, OR= 6,769, 95%CI: 3,165-14,479), socioeconomic (p=0,002, OR=3,375, 95%CI: 1,629-6,993), immunization (p=0,050, OR=2,683, 95%CI: 1079-6,670) and the nutritional status (p=0,000, OR=4,000, 95%CI:1,889-8,468).  Promotive  and  preventive  efforts  through  health  education,  nutrition  monitoring, BCG and complete treatment of adults with active TB can avoid instances of Children Pulmonary TB.

How to Cite
MAULIKU, Novie Elvinawaty; RAHMAWATI, Rini. Analysis of Risk Factors Related to the Occurrence of Pulmonary TB in Childern. 2nd International Seminar on Global Health (ISGH), [S.l.], jan. 2018. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 23 july 2019.