Factorial Analysis of the Risk Related to Byssinosis among Textil Workers in Cimahi
Byssinosis been recognized as other form of occupational pneumoconiosis caused by
exposure of cotton dust. NIOSH (2012) estimated that the mortality rate caused by occupational pneumoconiosis are 705 from the total of occupational mortality. This study aimed to identify the risk factors related to byssinosis among textile workers. Using cross sectional approach, this study employed 64 employees in convenience sampling. Data were obtained through questionnaires, observations and measurements. Factorial analysis utilized to identify the factors related to byssinosis. The results showed the proportion of the incidence of byssinosis were 79.7%. Bivariate analysis showed that the length of exposure, smoking habit, history of diseases, occupational history, habit of using PPE, age, working period, nutritional status were significantly correlated with the incidence of byssinosis (p value ≤ 0,05). The factorial analysis identified two factors related to the incidence of Byssinosis. First factor consist of nutritional status, dust levels, smoking habit, history of disease, history of work and habits using PPE which contributed 37,2%. While the second factor consists of age, working period and the length of exposure contributed 31.7% to the incidence of byssinosis. According to this reserach finding, it is recommended to the textile factory to perform an appropriate effort in controlling the risk factors in order to protect the workers from the incidence of byssinosis.