Music interventions in Patients during Coronary Angiographic Procedures at Harapan Kita Hospital Jakarta
According to AHA (2013) stated that more than 2.150 dies every day caused by CAD where every 30 seconds theres 1 death caused by it. CAD can be diagnodes by invasive procedure which is cardiac catheterization. This procedure used to coronary anatomical evaluation. Pasien whose undergoing cardiac catheterization complained about anxiety prior and during the procedure. The anxiety experienced prior to cardiac catheterization procedures would negatively impact to heart function. Increased anxiety affects the sympathetic nervous system, which can lead to increased blood pressure, heart rate, cardiac contraction, and arrhythmias. Music intervention one of the systhematicaly application to gave relaxation, reducing psychophysiologic stress (Chlan, 1998 dalam Taylor-Piliae & Chair, 2002).
Quasi experimental research method with pretest-posttest with control group design. Sampling using purposive sampling technique with the number of samples of 12 respondents. Data were obtained directly using the STAI questionnaire. And then the data were analyzed univariate and bivariate using independent t test and independent t test
The result stated that mean anxiety score posttest from control group is 47,55 with deviation standard 9,87 meanwhile mean anxiety score posttest from intervention group is 59,71 with deviation standard is 7,78. Analytical test showed that p value = 0,044 ( ɑ= 0,05) and the conclution is there is significant difference anxiety score post test between control and intervention group.
The study concluded that music therapy is an effective nursing intervention in situations of stress to reduce anxiety status, blood pressure, heart rate and breathing.