Effects of Meditation on Blood Pressure in Elderly Hyperstension at Panti Werda Karitas Cimahi West Java Indonesia
One out of ten people in the world suffers from hypertension. Indonesia is the 10th country with the highest prevalence of hypertension in the world (Depkes RI, 2009). Hypertension is the most common disease faced by the older age groups. Increased cases of hypertension in elderly become a big problem (Riskesdas, 2013). However, the treatment of hypertension has been focused only on medicine. This study aims to determine the effect of meditation on blood pressure in elderly hypertension at Panti Werda Karitas Cimahi West Java Indonesia. This study used pre-experiment one group pretest-posttest design. The sample of 18 elderly hypertensions are taken by total sampling technique. The result shows that the difference of systolic blood pressure before and after meditation is 18.89 mmHg. While the difference of diastolic blood pressure before and after meditation is 9.44 mmHg. The result of statistical test obtained p value < 0.001. in conclusion, meditation is highly effective to decrease blood pressure in elderly hypertension. Meditation can be recommended one of the influential therapy interventions in nursing care of gerontology to reduce hypertension in the elderly. Furthermore, this influential therapy can be incorporated into the schedule of daily activities in the elderly. They can meditate independently after being trained.