The Effect of Delayed Umbilical Cord Clamping on the Hemoglobin Level of Newborn
Iron deficiency on anemia often occurs in infants with the highest occurrences under 24 months. The effect of anemia in infant links to morbidity and mortality increase rate, impaired the physicaland brain growth, motor, mental and intelligence development. Delayed in the umbilical cord cutting might overcome these issues. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of different length of time of delayed umbilical cord clamping and cutting on the hemoglobin level of newborn. This study is a qualitative study. This is an quasy experimental research with post test only control group design. Fifteen newborn babies with delayed umbillical cord clamping and cutting until its stop pulsating as an intervention group. Fifteen newborns have delayed umbilical cord cutting for 120 seconds after birth as a control group. The data from the blood serum were taken afterward for examination of haemoglobin level on the both groups. The data was analised with t test. The results showed that in the intervention group with delayed umbilical cord clamping and cutting until the umbilical cord stops pulsating has the average time of 218 seconds, with the average of hemoglobin level is 19,76g /dL. It was higher than the ones in control group at 18,31 g/dL. There is a significance difference in the mean hemoglobin levels between the two groups with p value at 0.001 (<0.05). the different mean of the level of haemoglobin is 1.44. It is concluded that the haemoglobin level at newborn who delayed umbilical cord clamping and cutting until the umbilical cord stops pulsating is higher than of its at newborn who delayed umbilical cord cutting at 120 seconds. The health providers might consern on another factors affecting the level of haemoglobin at newborn.